Do you know the different types of tyre patterns? Symmetric, Asymmetric, Directional Tyres
Updated: Mar 4
Understand the types of the tyre patterns is very important because they each have features to suit your needs.
Read further below to understand more about the types of tyre patterns!
1. Symmetrical Pattern Tire
Comfortable and Cost-efficient
Unlike directional, symmetric tyres can be fitted and rotated in either direction as both halves of the tread pattern are identical. They are particularly quiet and provide good roadholding. Their lower rolling resistance reduces fuel consumption and extends the lifetime of the tyres. They are often used for commercial vehicles and provide – - good value-for-money for those that mainly drive short distances.
2. Directional Pattern Tire
Directional tyres are ideal for sporty cars that drive regularly on wet roads.
These tyres usually have a chevron or arrow-shaped tread pattern which aids fast water displacement due to the unimpeded water flow. They therefore offer high protection against aquaplaning and greater directional stability. This type of tread pattern is especially suited to snow- or mud-covered road surfaces and is therefore used on our winter and all season tyres.
Directional tyres are designed to work in only one direction of rotation and must be fitted accordingly. You’ll find an arrow clearly marked on their sidewalls pointing in the direction of travel.
3. Asymmetric Pattern Tire
Safety in all kinds of weather
Asymmetric tyres have different tread patterns on their inner and outer shoulders. Each side serves a different purpose.
The inner sides of the tread pattern are responsible for water displacement and aquaplaning protection. The outer shoulders, with their rigid tread blocks, provide higher lateral stiffness, which give you high grip when cornering and when driving on dry surfaces. For this reason asymmetrical tyres, like Continental's SC6 , are especially popular with high performance hatchbacks and sports cars.
The even stiffness of the pattern blocks ensures a quiet interior noise throughout the tyre’s entire lifetime.
With asymmetrical tyres it is essential that you ensure correct fitting. The word “Outside” has always to be faced on the outside of the car.
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